BEA Outline

Thesis:  The residential distribution in Atlanta is extremely divided. One may not be able to tell at first glance, but in the analysis, I will explain how gentrification and job opportunities have affected black culture and create a more divided built environments within Atlanta today.

1st claim: Atlanta gentrification rate is one of the highest in the country

2nd claim: Inman Park is used as the first example to explain how gentrification has affected a specific neighborhood in Atlanta.

3rd claim: The negative effects of gentrification: occupational opportunities.

Conclusion: Summarize and reiterate how gentrification has positively and negatively affected the built environment of Atlanta.

Overall, I will present my presentation in a powerpoint and incorporate interesting videos and facts to help support my evidence. I definitely think that I will have to do some additional research. I will focus my presentation on the effects gentrification has on the occupation opportunities of it residents and how those factors affect the quality of life for residents in those areas.

Atlanta’s Present Day Segregation

How Race Has Affected Residential Development

According to United States Census Bureau, Georgia has a population of over 9 million people, and of that population, 30 percent (over two million people) are black/ African American. The city of Atlanta has a population of about 463,878 people, and of that 54 percent are black/ African American. Atlanta, Georgia is a city very wealthy and full of history. It gave birth to the most famous Civil Rights leader, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Georgia was the heart of slavery and the slave trade, but Atlanta was also the hub for the Civil Rights Movement throughout the south. Although it is now 2017, a time where the United States has had its first black president; black people can now hold any political office. It is also a time where black urban culture has a tremendous influence on society. The city of Atlanta has grown tremendously since the 1960’s from a time of Jim Crow laws and lynching. But is Atlanta integrated? The residential distribution in Atlanta is extremely divided. One may not be able to tell at first glance, but in the analysis, I will explain how gentrification and job opportunities have affected black culture and created a more divided built environment within Atlanta today.

 

Atlanta and Gentrification

Gentrification is defined as the purchase and remodeling of homes in low-income urban neighborhoods to develop new communities with higher income residents (Williams). In total, gentrification is a way a city can gain revenue by raising property taxes and attract new businesses. There are many pros and cons to gentrification. Some claim that it is very beneficial; that it allows for renovated houses and buildings, an influx of new businesses, increased property value, and secure communities. Others would oppose those ideas and say that gentrification causes homelessness/displacement, higher property taxes, it decreases cultural diversity as well as small businesses within the area. In recent years Atlanta has quickly become one the leading cities in the country for its high gentrification rates. The city’s transformation began in the 1990’s with Downtown, East Lake, and the Old Fourth Ward. Today it is places like the West End, Edgewood, and Kirkwood that are rapidly changing and displacing its residents (Williams). One of the major problems that gentrification brings is that it raises the cost of living within the area, so the current residents can no longer afford to reside there. The area begins to change when new businesses start to come in. Franchise businesses take over small businesses and then new homes and apartments are built. When the demographic of residents change so does living expenses. Finally, property taxes increase and then the government and investors recycle the money in other areas and start the process over again.  When this happens, people are forced to relocate to places that are more affordable. Typically those people are the elderly, minorities like blacks and Hispanics, and individuals with fixed incomes.

Atlanta Gentrification, 1990-2000
Atlanta Gentrification, 2000-present

There are many factors that make a neighborhood a perfect candidate for gentrification. For example the Edgewood area, it is close to downtown, it has plenty of historic buildings and monuments, and its population is aging, so there is there is an increased market for buyers. Plans for new developments have already begun, MARTA is partnering with a private investor Columbia Ventures LLC. The project is estimated to cost about 40 million dollars to design and build the Edgewood-Candler Park MARTA station. The developments will have apartments, restaurants, entertainment like a dance hall that can also be used for educational purposes (Shamma). Complications of gentrification emerge because East Atlanta is an area filled with predominantly black people. They are being forced to move away, while white people are replacing them. White people drive gentrification; this is a fact proven true because the areas that have been gentrified have populations of white people that have double compared to previous years. Kirkwood is one area that has experienced this dramatic change. The population of white residents went from one percent to 14 percent between 1990 and 2000. Kirkwood had not seen a shift this drastic since the 1960’s, and 1970’s when it went from being mostly white to mostly black (Blau). One can image that this would create some hostility among the two communities and explains why Atlanta is so divided today.

The map created by Dustin Cable to represent the ethnic distributions in Atlanta

A map was created by Dustin Cable at the University of Virginia. He used information from the 2010 Census to make a map color coded by dots that represents a single person by their race to show the distribution of races across different cities. Blue dots represent white people, African-Americans are shown with green dots, Asians are shown with red dots, Latinos are orange dots, and all other races are shown with brown dots. It is the first map to show both the country’s ethnic distribution and every single citizen at the same time (VanHemert). The maps allow you to see and make comparisons about racial distribution among the various cities. In the map of Atlanta, there is a clear division of whites and blacks. Although by law we are not segregated, when one takes a look at the map there is still racial division, especially in the south. Atlanta is not the only city experiencing segregation.

This is a photo of Birmingham, Alabama the map indicates clear division among the races

Gentrification and Inman Park

Inman Park is one of Atlanta’s first planned neighborhoods. The suburb was named by Joel Hurt after Samuel Inman his friend and business partner. Joel Hurt was a real-estate developer and civil engineer who created the Atlanta and Edgewood Street Railway Company (Bazemore). The company then designed Edgewood Avenue as a way to connect the communities residents to downtown. This later gave way to the Atlantans first electric streetcar. Inman Park originally started off with wealthy inhabitants; the suburb was used as a way for rural Atlantans to escape the city without having to go far and was made even more accessible by the streetcar.  Inman Park began to decline when other suburbs began to develop further from the city. Also, in 1910 the first apartment buildings were built. (Bazemore) Apartment occupancy increased and as a result, the homeowner occupancy dropped. As people migrated away from the city, out of homes and into apartments, Inman Park became filled with lower income people. It was plagued with poverty, crime, and insensitivity. Like poverty was not enough “automobile ownership rose through the years, Atlantans began migrating to even more distant suburbs, and Inman Park continued to decay gradually” (Bazemore). This change would last until 1969.

A contemporary home in Inman Park
A traditional home in Inman Park

In that year an Atlanta designer Griggs made a plan to restore the old homes in the neighborhood. With the help of pioneers, the Inman Park Restoration Incorporated (IPR) was created (Bazemore). This corporation is what reestablished Inman Park as a historic place. The organization bought and refurbished old houses to resemble grand Victorian structures and sell them for twice as much as they are worth. Today that has become what Inman Park is known for. It’s vibrant colored houses, and detailed architecture gives Inman Park a flavor like no other. This can also be looked at as a positive side to gentrification. Despite its negative side effects, gentrification can also develop great neighborhoods with funded school systems, low crime rates, and job opportunities.

Occupational Segregation

Unfortunately for most people, gentrification is seen negatively. One reason is the lack of opportunity. When people are displaced due to gentrification, they lose access to the resources they once had. Black people have felt the effects of these changes the most. An article on racism and segregation by Chiquita A. Collins and David R. Williams discusses the specific ideas that have shaped the culture today. Collins and Williams state that residential racism is driven by the belief of black inferiority. The article states that whites believe blacks promote violence, are not hard working or intelligent, and are not self-supporting (Collins). These stereotypes have been used as the basis for separation and continue to create a trickle effect. Especially in the south, the city of Atlanta presents a great example of present day residential segregation. Although the population of Atlanta is 50% black, there is not much integration when it comes to residences or job opportunity.  In the school systems, “compared to whites, blacks have higher rates of high school dropout; those who do complete high school are exposed to a less demanding curriculum, lower teacher expectations, and have lower levels of skills and knowledge compared to their white peers (Collins). And without an education, these people have restricted access to good paying jobs which results in limited income. These constraints are largely due to location and displacement. Blacks have been displaced from the suburbs to the city, and back again, with limited transportation and generational immaturity, it is no wonder why incarceration rates are so high.

Conclusion

Researchers at Clark Atlanta Unversity explain how the black population of Atlanta is changing. The article states that Atlanta is known as the “Black Mecca” and is rated one of the best cities for African Americans. It is one of the top 3 cities for black travelers. It has the most HBCUs, and it is also the fastest growing millionaire population in the U.S. (Bullard). The article does mention the poverty rate and states it is in the top 3 of 101 cities with most of its people below the 50% poverty level (Bullard). This is why it is referred to as a Paradox.

Researchers state that Atlanta has a wide black-white unemployment gap. Where a person lives is an indicator for high or low environmental health risks. Location dictates access to healthcare and residential amenities like grocery stores and farmer’s markets. Wealthier areas have access to three times as many grocery stores, and low-income people pay 10-40 cents more for food than higher income residents (Bullard). Overall, Atlanta is growing into a great city. It’s growth and expansion has been taken negatively among a lot of people because it has caused gentrification and reconstruction, but unfortunately, this is something that happens to cities all across the country and is an essential factor for any city’s advancement. With time, Atlanta will be added to the list of major cities like New York, Chicago, and LA but maybe with some effort, this change won’t mean displacement and pricey living. One way this can be done is through community awareness, people within the community should be well informed by the city of the plans for redevelopment. The government should also protect the elderly and long-time residents to help keep communities balanced. There is a saying that, “too much of a good thing can be bad for you” and the same rules apply here. There are many gains from the growth and development that gentrification brings but when it causes segregation and unfair opportunities then it has defeated its purpose and those outcomes are reflected within the built environment.

 

Works Cited

Blau, Max “Can Anyone Stop Atlanta’s Rapid Gentrification?” Creative Loafing Atlanta. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2017.

Bullard, Robert D., and Johnson, Glenn S., and Torres, Angel O. “{Complete Report} The State of Black Atlanta 2010.” N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2017.

Bazemore, Ted. “Inman Park.” New Georgia Encyclopedia. 13 May 2016. Web. 10 April 2017.

Collins, Chiquita A., and David R. Williams. “Segregation and Mortality: The Deadly Effects of Racism?” Sociological Forum 14.3 (1999): 495–523. Web. 28 Mar. 2017.

“Population Estimates, July 1, 2015, (V2015).” N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Apr. 2017.

Shamma, Tasnim. “MARTA Breaks Ground On First Transit-Development Project.” N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Apr. 2017.

Williams Reid, Lesley, and Robert M. Adelman. “The Double-edged Sword of Gentrification in Atlanta.” The Double-edged Sword of Gentrification in Atlanta. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Mar.    2017.

VanHemert, Kyle “The Best Map Ever Made of America’s Racial Segregation.” WIRED. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2017.

Annotated Bibliography- Final Draft

Blau, Max “Can Anyone Stop Atlanta’s Rapid Gentrification?” Creative Loafing Atlanta. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2017.

Atlanta is said to be the leading city for rates of gentrification. Records show that rates have increased from 8.6 percent to 20 percent that is more than double the average rate. Some reasons given is that there is a growth in education levels, infrastructure investments, and housing prices. The change in education levels shows that new people are moving into those areas, and native residents are not developing their incomes to meet those of the newcomers. Atlanta has been largely made up of African-Americans, and now the neighborhoods are becoming whiter. The spokeswoman for Mayor Kasim Reed says that the officials are combating the gentrification by employing the right developers to boost its workforce housing stock. But the argument comes in because gentrification leads to higher property values with means more tax revenues for the government. And with more money, the city can spend more money on its citizens. For example the Beltline and Streetcar. This article provides great support for how residential segregation and architecture work together. Specifically to exemplify how political agendas and history can affect the built environment.

Atlanta Gentrification, 2000-present
Atlanta Gentrification, 1990-2000

Bullard, Robert D., and Johnson, Glenn S., and Torres, Angel O. “{Complete Report} The State of Black Atlanta 2010.” N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2017.

This article provides a very different perspective of the black community and the black community within Atlanta. It explains how Atlanta is known as the “Black Mecca”. It is rated one of the best cities for African Americans. It is one of the top 3 cities for black travelers. It also has the most HBCUs. It is also the fastest growing millionaire population in the U.S. It does mention the poverty rate and states it is in the top 3 of 101 cities with most of it people below the 50% poverty level. This is why it is referred to as a Paradox. It also discusses how Atlanta has a wide black-white unemployment gap. The authors say that place matters, where a person lives is an indicator for high or low environmental health risks. Location dictates access to healthcare and residential amenities like grocery stores, farmer’s markets. Wealthier areas have access to three times as many grocery stores, and low-income people pay 10-40 cents more for food than higher income residents. This source gives the opposing side of all the benefits blacks in Atlanta have as well as some additional information to show the oppression and segregation.

Collins, Chiquita A., and David R. Williams. “Segregation and Mortality: The Deadly Effects of Racism?” Sociological Forum 14.3 (1999): 495–523. Web. 28 Mar. 2017.

Racism is a key factor for the development of segregation and how it has now shaped the world today. The article states that whites believe blacks promote violence, are not hard working or intelligent, and are not self-supporting. These stereotypes have been the basis for separation and when one combines this information with present day maps like in the previous citation. The stereotypes create a trickle effect for the blacks and minority people. The article goes on to explain how because of the slander and isolation blacks suffer economic inequality. Without the income, people are forced to live in more affordable areas that are filled with poverty inadequate school systems and limited transportation that do not allow people to better themselves. This source is extremely detailed in its explanations of racial segregation and inequality. For example, because structural segregation leads to social problems it brings down the morale and values that are necessary for success, and now these neighborhoods are lacking good work ethic and formal education that in turn creates and endless cycle of poverty.

The Editorial Board. “The Architecture of Segregation.” The New York Times 5 Sept. 2015. Web. 11 Mar. 2017.

The New York Times released an editorial in the Sunday Review that highlights the facts of poverty in low-income and minority neighborhoods. It discusses the Fair Housing Act of 1968 and how it was put in place to alleviate inequality when it comes to housing. The Act was supposed to encourage fairness but was not taken seriously by lawmakers and was, in fact, causing more disparities between communities of lower income versus those with higher income. This article can be used as an excellent illustration of how the government fails to make a real difference. In conjunction with Architectural Exclusion, this piece can make a compelling point on how architecture and segregation affect minorities.  A weakness in this article is that it does not have references, so it is hard to tell where the author is getting its information. Overall, the piece does present a healthy debate that can be used to support how the built environment influences racism.

Gradín, Carlos, Coral Del Río, and Olga Alonso-Villar. “Occupational Segregation by Race and Ethnicityin the United States: Differences Across States.” Regional Studies 49.10 (2015): 1621. Web.

In the article, “Occupational Segregation by Race and Ethnicity in the United States: Differences Across States” discusses the inequality within professions across the United States. The authors use the results from the 2005-07 American Community Survey. The findings of the study show that based on geographic location, there is a difference in occupational discrimination. The goal is to try and see if there is a pattern among states. For example, the findings suggest that when there is higher segregation, then there are less white people in an area. The more segregation, the more diversity within a state. This article ties into the built environment because it shows examples from all over the United States and not just one city. This article can also be useful because it ties into the article about residential segregation. They can both be used as evidence to support one another’s argument and the argument on the influence of the built environment.

Handy, Susan L. et al. “How the Built Environment Affects Physical Activity.” American Journal of Preventive Medicine 23.2 (2002): 64–73. Web. 6 Mar. 2017.

Doctors from the University of California have conducted research to see how the built environment can affect physical activity. The article highlights how the design, land patterns and transportation systems can either promote or negate walking and exercise to make healthier communities. This article can be helpful to support how the built environment affects everyday life. To accurately measure the effects of the built environment the authors break the environment down into dimensions and use the concepts and methods from urban planners. The five dimensions used are density and intensity of development, a mix of land uses, connectivity of the street networks, the scale of streets, and aesthetic qualities of a place. This article can be utilized together with the previous article by Harrison and Spielman to make a strong argument on the multiple effects the built environment has on society.

Schindler, Sarah. “Architectural Exclusion: Discrimination and Segregation Through Physical Design of the Built Environment.” Yale Law Journal 124.6 (2015): 1934–2024. Web. 6 Mar. 2017.

Sarah Schindler is a Professor of Law at the University of Maine; she brings awareness to how architecture and city planning have worked as forms of regulation to keep people in or out of certain areas. She calls out lawmakers and legislators because they do not consider architecture as a kind of control. She uses examples of bridge designs, highways, and transportation systems as evidence. In part I of her article she focuses on exactly how the built environment regulates behaviors and in part II she gives examples of actions taken by police, residents, and politicians that have further divided cities. In comparison to the citation about Residential segregation, both articles are very similar because they aim to prove how the built environment has affected and even caused division within cities and communities but Architectural exclusion is directed towards the law.

Spielman, Seth, and Patrick Harrison. “The Co-Evolution of Residential Segregation and the Built Environment at the Turn of the 20th Century: A Schelling Model.” Transactions in GIS 18.1 (2014): 25–45. Web. 6 Mar. 2017.

Seth Spielman from the Department of Geography at the University of Colorado and Patrick Harrison from the University of Virginia author a research article. The article is called, “The Co-evolution of Residential Segregation and the Built Environment at the turn of the 20th Century: A Schelling Model” The article discusses how the decentralization of cities has affected economic and residential segregation. To do this, the authors have developed a Schelling model and used the information from the GIS that shows the population of Newark, NJ in 1880 and used that information to recreate a model to show the changes from then and now. Their results state that changes in residential segregation can be due to the built environment. This article can be useful as evidence to support how the built environment has affected race relations.

Williams Reid, Lesley, and Robert M. Adelman. “The Double-edged Sword of Gentrification in Atlanta.” The Double-edged Sword of Gentrification in Atlanta. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Mar.    2017.

The article “The Double-edged Sword of Gentrification in Atlanta” by Lesley Williams Reid and Robert M. Adelman, professors at Georgia State University discuss the reasons for gentrification in Atlanta. Atlanta does not have physical barriers like mountains or lakes to contain its growth, so it continues to grow. This leaves more space and opportunity to rebuild and create new developments.  This article opposes the view of “The Co-evolution of Residential Segregation and the Built Environment at the turn of the 20th Century: A Schelling Model” because it talks about how the growth of suburban life consequently increases the growth of the inner city. Areas like East Lake, East Atlanta, and Kirkwood are close to the city. They have historic housing, and the residents are getting older, so there are chances for redevelopments. But in addition to property values, are the occupants of those residences. African Americans were the primary people in East Atlanta, East Lake, and Kirkwood but are now being kicked out because the whites are moving back in and raising the cost of living. The solutions are to implement affordable housing policies for low-income residents, give incentives to build, and turn foreclosure homes and properties into affordable housing. This article provides more detail and evidence about the backgrounds of property value and race relations.

VanHemert, Kyle “The Best Map Ever Made of America’s Racial Segregation.” WIRED. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2017.

The article, “The Best Map Ever Made of America’s Racial Segregation” by Kyle VanHemert points out the racial disparities in cities across the United States. The map was made by Dustin Cable at the University of Virginia. He uses the information from the 2010 Census to make these maps. The maps are color coded by dots, and each dot represents one person. Blue dots represent white people, African-Americans are shown with green, Asians are shown with red, Latinos are orange, and all other races are shown with brown. It is the first map to show both the country’s ethnic distribution and every single citizen at the same time. The article then goes on to explain the distributions within different cities. The maps allow you to see and make comparisons about racial distribution among the various cities. In the map of Atlanta, there is a clear division of whites and blacks, and this can be used to show how, although by law we are not segregated,  when one looks at the map there is still racial division especially in the south. This source will serve as a great visual example of the divisions.

Atlanta, Georgia
Birmingham, Alabama

In Class Work- Built Environment Analysis Thesis

Throughout the course of this class, I have researched and visited a couple different places. My site descriptions do not necessarily correlate with what I think that I would like to base my analysis on.  The places I have visited do not catch my attention, as much as the readings have throughout the course. I think that I would like to base my analysis on the present day segregation in Atlanta and how the history of the south has played a role in the architecture and where people of all races/ minorities have decided or been forced to live. So my focus will be on residential segregation and I will use evidence from gentrification throughout the years, and laws that have been passed. I plan to analyze the positive and negative effects that the architecture has on the residents.

Annotated Bibliography

The New York Times released an editorial in the Sunday Review that highlights the facts of poverty in low-income and minority neighborhoods. It discusses the Fair Housing Act of 1968 and how it was put in place to alleviate inequality when it comes to housing. The Act was supposed to encourage fairness but was not taken seriously by lawmakers and was, in fact, causing more disparities between communities of lower income versus those with higher income. This article can be used as an excellent illustration of how the government fails to make a real difference. In conjunction with Architectural Exclusion, this piece can make a compelling point on how architecture and segregation affect minorities.  A weakness in this article is that it does not have references, so it is hard to tell where the author is getting its information. Overall, the piece does present a healthy debate that can be used to support how the built environment influences racism.

The Editorial Board. “The Architecture of Segregation.” The New York Times 5 Sept. 2015. Web. 11 Mar. 2017.

In the article, “Occupational Segregation by Race and Ethnicity in the United States: Differences Across States” discusses the inequality within professions across the United States. The authors use the results from the 2005-07 American Community Survey. The findings of the study show that based on geographic location, there is a difference in occupational discrimination. The goal is to try and see if there is a pattern among states. This article ties into the built environment because it shows examples from all over the United States and not just one city. This article can also be useful because it ties into the article about residential segregation. They can both be used as evidence to support one another’s argument and the argument on the influence of the built environment.

Gradín, Carlos, Coral Del Río, and Olga Alonso-Villar. “Occupational Segregation by Race and Ethnicityin the United States: Differences Across States.” Regional Studies 49.10 (2015): 1621. Web.

Doctors from the University of California have conducted research to see how the built environment can affect physical activity. The article highlights how the design, land patterns and transportation systems can either promote or negate walking and exercise to make healthier communities. This article can be helpful to support how the built environment affects everyday life. To accurately measure the effects of the built environment the authors break the environment down into dimensions and use the concepts and methods from urban planners. The five dimensions used are density and intensity of development, a mix of land uses, connectivity of the street networks, the scale of streets, and aesthetic qualities of a place. This article can be utilized together with the previous article by Harrison and Spielman to make a strong argument on the multiple effects the built environment has on society.

Handy, Susan L. et al. “How the Built Environment Affects Physical Activity.” American Journal of Preventive Medicine 23.2 (2002): 64–73. Web. 6 Mar. 2017.

Sarah Schindler is a Professor of Law at the University of Maine; she brings awareness to how architecture and city planning have worked as forms of regulation to keep people in or out of certain areas. She calls out lawmakers and legislators because they do not consider architecture as a kind of control. She uses examples of bridge designs, highways, and transportation systems as evidence. In part I of her article she focuses on exactly how the built environment regulates behaviors and in part II she gives examples of actions taken by police, residents, and politicians that have further divided cities. In comparison to the citation about Residential segregation, both articles are very similar because they aim to prove how the built environment has affected and even caused division within cities and communities but Architectural exclusion is directed towards the law.

Schindler, Sarah. “Architectural Exclusion: Discrimination and Segregation Through Physical Design of the Built Environment.” Yale Law Journal 124.6 (2015): 1934–2024. Web. 6 Mar. 2017.

Seth Spielman from the Department of Geography at the University of Colorado and Patrick Harrison from the University of Virginia author a research article. The article is called, “The Co-evolution of Residential Segregation and the Built Environment at the turn of the 20th Century: A Schelling Model” The article discusses how the decentralization of cities has affected economic and residential segregation. To do this, the authors have developed a Schelling model and used the information from the GIS that shows the population of Newark, NJ in 1880 and used that information to recreate a model to show the changes from then and now. Their results state that changes in residential segregation can be due to the built environment. This article can be useful as evidence to support how the built environment has affected race relations.

Spielman, Seth, and Patrick Harrison. “The Co-Evolution of Residential Segregation and the Built Environment at the Turn of the 20th Century: A Schelling Model.” Transactions in GIS 18.1 (2014): 25–45. Web. 6 Mar. 2017.

 

Focused Built Environment Description- The Gregorian Terrace Hotel

 

Example of Chandelier and detailed ceiling

The Georgian Terrace hotel has great architecture. The mix between modern contemporary fashion along with traditional Georgian style is one of its own. One aspect that catches one’s attention is the detail all throughout the hotel. Each room has beautiful ceiling architecture with classy crystal chandeliers. The space is used very well in comparison to modern day where everything is very plain and monotone.

Example of detail in ceiling structures
Example of different lighting

Contemporary style encourages high ceilings with strict color patterns and abstract art that can be seen as a waste of space. But Gregorian style is classic and antique; it tells a story about the culture. The ceiling architecture in each room along with the various light fixtures gives each room its own personality.  Some rooms do not have trim ceilings, and others have intricate carvings of patterns all along the ceilings, on the railings and walls.

View of stained glass window

There is one room where the ceiling is made of stain-glassed windows. The windows have patterns of squares that have shades of red, blue, green, orange and yellow. Around the windows, there is a stone wall made of brick. Because of the glass windows and brick, this room can resemble a chapel. The ceilings of each room are very distinct and make the atmosphere feel very grand and luxurious.

Reorganization/optimization of Blog

Overall, my blog was very scattered and disorganized. There was no real structure or format. I only knew how to make posts and was oblivious to tabs and menus. I have now added, menu tabs to organize my post. I have created a tab for Projects,  Unit 1 and Unit 2 assignments, and Class Prep. I have also changed the color scheme, added photos, and added a calendar.I have also changed the layout. The background is white, I think that this makes the website look crisp and clean as well as open and inviting.

Discussion Question on Unit 2 Reading

“Architectural Exclusion: Discrimination And Segregation Through Physical Design Of The Built Environment,” is a great article. I actually really enjoyed reading it. I feel that it is something that many of us do not think about, but it is something to consider espcially when discussing racial oppression. Architectural limitations should be just as important as social limitations. My question is how can we make this issue more relevant?

Focused Built Environment Description- Inman Park

A contemporary home in Inman Park
The lilac house in Inman Park
A traditional home in Inman Park
Apartments in Inman Park

Inman Park Neighborhood is one of Atlanta’s first planned neighborhoods. It is known as the “Garden Suburb” there are lots of trees and flowers. Although it is a huge area with lots of shops and restaurants.; there is also an amazing array of homes. There are several different types of houses all of which carry their own personality. There is a range of architecture. Some homes are newer and look more contemporary and sleek. They are huge glass windows, and untraditional stairways made of stone. Then there are some that are old-fashioned and authentic. Those have a traditional entryway with concrete stairs and porches painted white. The houses are made of shingles that are painted countless vibrant and dark colors. There was one house, in particular, that is painted a bright lilac color. One aspect that truly draws one’s attention, is the way the homes are arranged. There are newer homes next to old ones, and apartments across the street from houses. Old-fashioned next to contemporary and modern. Some of the houses look like they have been there for decades and have been remodeled. There was a row, of what looks like townhouses next to the path under the bridge. Each house is a different color; one of them is a charming burgundy brown with bricks. Another one is white and brick with pale lime green curtains. Each house in Inman Park tells its own story, in combination with the shops and restaurants. Inman park is very inviting, and a great way to spend a Sunday.

*All photos taken by Gabriella Anetekhai

 

Personal Site Response-Inman Park

Apartments with some shops below
Houses next to the path under the bridge
The path under the bridge
Highland Ave with some shops

On Sunday, February 12th around 1:30 pm, I arrive at  Inman Park neighborhood located of off Highland Ave.  It’s surprising because I never knew that this area even existed. I think that the area is super cute and the weather outside feels great, it all makes the experience even better. I park on the street just before the bridge and then walk over the bridge to where the shops are. But, while on the bridge I look down and see a walkway, people are walking in both directions under the bridge. Some faces were full of smiles and laughter; others had blank expressions.  Once off of the bridge I see people having lunch outside with their families. Some with their children, others with their significant other. There are people of all different races and ethnicities. It all feels so peaceful. I feel the wind blowing and birds chirping and playing in the sky. People are chatting while enjoying their meals. I see people walking their dogs, some people have on athletic gear and are jogging or riding their bikes. I see several different apartments complexes, some newer than others. This particular area reminds of an area called Hinsdale in Illinois. The two are very similar; the trees are tall and bare. During the spring, I could only image how beautiful the neighborhood will look. I think that Inman Park is a unique community in Atlanta. Its location is very discreet because it is off of Broadway Blvd not too far away from Georgia State Campus. The area is a little similar to Edgewood because it’s a bit rustic and eccentric, but it is also very family friendly and old-fashioned.  I visited a smoothie shop called Kale Me Crazy, and I got a smoothie called Tropical Trippin’ , the employees were all very nice and the cashier even went to Georgia State. Overall, I felt very comfortable with my experience at Inman Park. I would definitely go back again with some friends.

*All photos taken by Gabriella Anetekhai